**SYLLABI**

**Bachelor of Technology (B.Tech.)**

**Branch -MEC**

**Presentation & Communication Skills (3 credits)** **1 ^{st} Semester Sub.Code:-** 14B11HS111

Communication: Nature, Process and Barriers. Listening skills: Types, Barriers, Ways to improve. Speaking skills – Conversational Styles, Public Speaking, and Presentation Skills. Reading skills –Types, Approaches, Barriers, Ways to improve. Writing Skills – Words, Sentences, Paragraph, Textual Organization, Unity, Coherence and Cohesion. Technical Writing -Notice, Agenda, Minutes, Circulars, Emails, CVs, Reports.

**English (Audit Course) ****1 ^{st} Semester Sub.Code:-** 14B19HS199

Functional English Grammar: tenses, voice, punctuation, concord, subject verb agreement, direct-indirect speech, common errors in sentences. Vocabulary: commonly confused and misused words, synonyms, antonyms, spelling, homophones, one word substitute. Comprehension. Conversational skills: group discussion, presentations. Compositions – paragraph writing, story writing, dialogue writing, letter writing, notice writing.

**MATHEMATICS I (Credit: 4) ****1 ^{st} Semester Sub.Code:-**

**14B11MA111**

Calculus and Analytical Geometry: Partial differentiation, Taylors series for functions of two variables, maxima and minima of fuctions of two variables. Jacobians. Double integrals, Line and surface integrals. Gradient, divergence and curl. Normal and tangent to a surface. Gauss and Stokes’ theorems. Differential Equations I: Differential Equations with constant coefficients. Cauchy’s -Euler equation. Equations of the form y” = f(y).Simple applications. Laplace Transform. Inverse Laplace transforms. Dirac delta and unit step function. Solution of initial value problems. Matrices: Linear dependence & independence of rows, row echelon form, Rank. Solution of system of equations by Guass elimination. Eigenvalues and vectors of a square matrix, symmetric matrices, Reduction to diagonal form, Quadratic forms.

**Physics-I (Credits 4)**** 1 ^{st} Semester Sub.Code:-** 14B11PH111

Interference, Diffraction and Polarization of Light, Special Theory of Relativity, Lorentz Transformations and Mass-Energy Equivalence, Laws of Radiation, Compton Scattering, Atomic Spectra, Angular Momenta, Atom in Magnetic Field, Classical and Quantum Statistical Distributions, Principle and Working of Different Types of Lasers.

**Electrical Circuit Analysis (4 credits) ****1 ^{st} Semester Sub.Code:-**

**14B11EC111**

Electrical sources – DC, AC, Voltage, current and power sources, Electrical components -passive and active. Basic circuit laws, Network Theorems (DC circuits), AC waveforms-frequency, phase, amplitude, peak, rms, calculation of power, response of passive components on AC waveforms- impedance, RLC circuit, Transient analysis of electric circuits, steady state analysis of circuits, network theorems(ac circuits), two port networks, resonance.

**Introduction to Computers and programming (4 Credits) ****1 ^{st} Semester Sub.Code:-** 14B11CI111

Logic Puzzles and Problem Solving, Computer as tools for Problem Solving. Basic computer architecture. Programming language hierarchy. Program translation and execution. Algorithms, Pseudo codes and flowcharts. Program design and Basic software development life cycle. Program as State machine. Basic testing and debugging. Number system. Character & Instruction representation. Data types. User interaction. Structured programming. Selection. Control flow. Looping control structure. Arrays and strings. Pointers. Functions. Structures. Unions. Enumerations. Preprocessor. Iteration. Recursion. Dynamic memory allocation. Linked-lists. File I/O. Simple graphics and multimedia operations. C Libraries. User defined header files. HTML.

**Group and Co-operative Processes (3 credits) 2 ^{nd} Semester Sub.code:- **14B11HS211

Individual: Biographical Characteristics, Ability, Learning, Personality, Emotional Intelligence, Assertiveness, Perception, Values, Attitude. Group: Type, Development, Structure, Dynamics, Processes. Teams: Types, Creating and managing effective teams. Conflict and Negotiation. Motivation. Leadership.

**MATHEMATICS II (Credits 4) 2 ^{nd} Semester Sub.code:-** 14B11MA201

Sequence and Series: Comparison test, Ratio test, Integral test, Raabe’s test, Cauchy nth root test, Logarithmic test. Alternating Series, Conditional & Absolute Convergence, Uniform Convergence. Differential Equations II: Second order linear differential equations, Change of dependent and independent variables, variation of parameters. Solution in series- Bessel and Legendre functions, Orthogonality, Generating functions and recurrence relations (without proofs). Classification of Second order partial differential equations. Method of separation of variable. One dimensional wave equation, heat conduction equation and Laplace equation. Functions of a complex variable: Analytic functions Cauchy-Riemann equations. Poles and singularities. Complex Integration. Cauchy’s Integral theorem. Couchy’s Integral Formula. Taylor’s and Laurent’s series. Cauchy residue theorem and applications, Bilinear transformations.

**Engineering Chemistry ( 4 Credits ) 2 ^{nd} Semester Sub.code:- **14B11CH212

Atomic STRUCTURE: Brief review of modern & atomic concepts in chemistry, Atomic models.

Chemical bonding: Molecular theory of diatomic hetromolecules, Band theory of bonding in metals, Hydrogen bonding.

CRYSTALLOGRAPHY and Imperfections: Concept of unit cell space lattice, Bravais lattices, Common crystal structures, Atomic packing factor and density, Miller indices, X-ray crystallography techniques, Imperfections, Defects & Dislocations in solids. Water & its treatment Hardness of water, softening of water by lime –soda process and reverse osmosis, Treatment of boiler feed water by Calgon process, Zeolites and ion-exchange resins.

ELECTORCHEMISTRY: Electrochemical cell, Galvanic cell and concentration cells, Equilibrium Potential, Electrochemical theory of corrosion and protections of corrosion.

FUELS: Classification of fuels, Determination of gross and net calorific values using Bomb Calorimeter, Conventional and non-conventional fuels, Renewable and non-renewable fuels.

Composite materials : Constituents of composites**, **Types of composites, Processing of fibre-reinforced composites, Micromechanics of fibre and particle reinforced composites.

Metal & alloys : Introduction, Physical properties of metals, Metallurgy, Alloy steels and its applications

Lubracants and greases : Lubricants and their roles in machines, Types of greases, Chemical composition.

CERAMICS & POLYMERS : Clays, silica, feldspars, Method for fabrication of ceramic ware, Bio-degradable polymers and their utility.

**Workshop Technology (Credits 4) 2 ^{nd} Semester Sub.code:- **14B11ME211

INTRODUCTION : Importance of manufacturing, Economic & Technological considerations in manufacturing, Survey of manufacturing processes, Materials & manufacturing processes for common items, Art of manufacturing, Classification of manufacturing processes.

workshop practices : Introduction to workshop practices such as Carpentry, Sheet metal, Welding, Foundry, Smithy, Fitting, Machining, and Machine tools.

fundamental Machine Tool Operations : Working of Lathe machines, Drilling machine, Milling machine, Shaper, and Planer. Tooling, Attachments, Jigs and Fixtures, and Operations performed. Fundamentals of metal grinding,Grinding wheels – Specification, Wear, and Life**. **Wheel mounting and dressing. Working principle and applications of Honing, Lapping, and Super finishing (Polishing and Buffing) Operations.

Ferrous materials** : **Iron and steel manufacture, Furnaces, Various types of carbon steels, Alloy steels and Cast irons, its properties and uses. Unary and binary diagrams, Phase rules, Types of equilibrium diagrams: solid solution type, eutectic type and combination type, Iron-carbon equilibrium diagram. Various types of heat treatment such as Annealing, Normalizing, Quenching, Tempering, and Case hardening, Time Temperature Transformation (TTT) diagrams.

Non-Ferrous metals and alloys** : **Non-ferrous metals such as Cu, Al, Zn, Cr, Ni etc. and its applications, Various types Brass, Bronze, Bearing materials, its properties and uses, Aluminium alloys such as Duralumin, Other advanced materials/alloys.

Ceramics, Plastics and Other materials : Structure types, properties, and applications of ceramics. Mechanical/Electrical behaviour and processing of Ceramics. Various types of polymers/plastics and its applications. Mechanical behaviour and processing of plastics. Future of plastics. Brief description of other material such as optical and thermal materials, concrete, Composite Materials and its uses.

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**Engineering Mechanics (Credits 4) 2 ^{nd} Semester Sub.code:- **14B11ME212

INTRODUCTION : Idealisation of mechanics, Concept of rigid body, External forces (body forces & surface forces), Laws of mechanics.

FORCE SYSTEMS AND EQUILIBRIUM : Introduction to vector, Statically equivalent force systems (planar and spatial), Free body diagram, Equations of equilibrium and their applications to various system of forces, Variational mechanics.

STRUCTURES AND MACHINES : Plane trusses, Space trusses, Method of joints, Method of section, Graphical method, Frames and machines.

DISTRIBUTED FORCES AND MOMENT OF INERTIA : Centroid of composite figures, Area moment of inertia, Mass moment of inertia, Principle axes and principle moment of inertia.

FRICTION : Introduction of friction, Laws of friction, Wedge, Screw, Belt, and Rolling friction.

BEAMS : Different support & loading conditions of Beam, Shear force diagram (SFD), Bending moment diagram (BMD).

KINEMATICS AND KINETICS OF RIGID BODIES : Velocity and acceleration, Rotation of rigid bodies, Rolling motion, Plane motion of rigid bodies, Effective forces on a rigid body, D’Alembert’s principle, Force, Mass and Acceleration, Work and energy, Impulse and momentum.

**Engineering Drawing Lab (Credits 2) 2 ^{nd} Semester Sub.code:- **14B19ME292

**LIST OF EXERCISES:**

- Introduction, Use of Drawing Instruments, Lines, ISI code.
- Lettering-Gothic Vertical and Italic.
- Geometrical constructions.
- Scales, conic sections.
- Special curves- Construction of Ellipse, Parabola, Hyperbola, Cycloid, Epicycloids etc.
- Various types of projections, First and third angle systems of orthographic projections.
- Projection of points in different quadrants.
- Projection of straight lines parallel to one or both reference planes, perpendicular to one of the planes, inclined to one plane but parallel to the other planes, inclined to both the planes.
- True length of a line and its inclination with reference planes, traces of a line.
- Projections of solids.
- Intersections of surfaces.
- Surface development.
- Isometric projections of solids from orthographic and vice-versa.

**Managerial Economics (3 credits) 3 ^{rd} Semester Sub.Code:- **14B11HS311

Introduction to economics. Basics of demand, supply and equilibrium. Demand theory and analysis. Theory of consumer choice. Business and economic forecasting. Production theory and analysis. Cost theory and analysis. Market structures – perfect competition, monopoly, monopolistic competition, oligopoly and barriers to entry. Macroeconomic Issues-Theory of National Income, Theory of Employment, Functions of Central and commercial Banks, International trade

**ENGINEERING thermodynamics (Credits 4) 3 ^{rd} Semester Sub.Code:- **14B11ME311

BASIC CONCEPTS: Macroscopic and microscopic approaches, Property, Equilibrium, State, Process, Quasi-static processes, Cycle, Laws of thermodynamics, Steady and unsteady flow processes.

FIRST LAW OF THERMODYNAMICS: Energy and its forms, Energy and first law of thermodynamics, Boundary work, Work done in different processes, Specific heat and its variations for ideal gas, solids and liquids, Internal energy and enthalpy, PMMI, Steady flow energy equation, First law applied to non- flow process, Steady flow process, Nozzle and diffusers, Turbine and compressors, Throttling valve, mixing chambers, heat exchanger, transient flow process, and free expansion process.

SECOND LAW OF THERMODYNAMICS : Limitations of first law, Thermal reservoir, Heat source and heat sink, Heat engine, Refrigerator and heat pump, Kelvin – Planck and Clausius Statements and their equivalence, Carnot’s theorem, Carnot’s cycle, Entropy, Entropy change for ideal gas, T-S diagrams, Availability and irreversibility, Gibbs and Helmholtz functions.

AVAILABILITY & IRREVERSIBILITY : High and low grade energy, Availability and unavailable energy, Loss of available energy due to heat transfer through a finite temperature difference, Dead state of a system, Availability of a non-flow or closed system, Availability of a steady flow system, Helmholtz and Gibb’s functions.

PURE SUBSTANCE : Pure substance and its properties, Phase and phase transformation, Vaporization, Evaporation and boiling, Saturated and superheat steam, Solid – liquid – vapour equilibrium, T-V, P-V and P-T Plots during steam formation, Properties of dry, wet and superheated steam, Property changes during steam processes, Temperature – Entropy (T-S) and Enthalpy – Entropy (H-S) diagrams, Throttling and measurement of dryness fraction of steam.

**THERMODYNAMICS RELATIONS** : T-ds relations, Maxwell equations, Joule-Thomson coefficient, coefficient of volume expansion, adiabatic and isothermal compressibilities, Clapeyron equation.

AIR STANDARD CYCLES : Two stroke and four stroke engines, Otto cycle, Diesel cycle, Brayton cycle. PVT relationship, Mixture of ideal gases, Properties of mixture of ideal gases.

**Manufacturing technology (Credits 4) 3 ^{rd} Semester Sub.Code:- **14B11ME312

Casting** : **Basic principle & survey of casting processes, Types of patterns and allowances, Types and properties of moulding sand, Elements of mould and design considerations, Gating, Riser, Runner, Core, Solidification of casting – theory and analysis, Sand casting – defects, remedies and inspection. Cupola furnace, Casting processes such as Shell mould casting, Vacuum and low pressure casting, Investment casting, Plaster and ceramic mould casting, Die Casting, Centrifugal casting, Slush casting, Injection moulding, Compression and Transfer moulding, Blow and Rotational moulding.

Welding Processes: Survey of welding and allied processes. Gas welding and cutting: process and equipment. Arc welding: power sources and consumables. TIG & MIG processes and their parameters. Resistance welding: spot, seam, projection etc. Other welding processes such as Atomic hydrogen, submerged arc, Electro-slag, Friction welding. Soldering & Brazing. Thermodynamic and Metallurgical aspects in welding and weld. Shrinkage/ residual stress in welds. Distortions & Defects in welds and remedies. Weld decay in HAZ.

Bulk Metal Deforming: Elastic and plastic deformation, Yield and flow criteria, Classification of deforming processes,** **Drawing, Extrusion, Forging, Rolling.

Sheet Metal Deforming and Cutting:** **Role of sheet components, Bending, Deep Drawing, Shearing, Blanking and piercing, Press working operations.

Introduction to Powder metallurgy and Deposition processes.

**ANALOG & digital electronics (Credits 4) 3 ^{rd} Semester Sub.Code:- **14B11EC314

MAGNETIC MATERIALS : Concept of magnetic fields, Permeability, Dipole Moment of a current loop, Magnetization, Orbital dipole moment and angular momentum of atomic models, Lenz law and induce dipole moments, Classification of magnetic materials: Diamagnetic, Paramagnetic, Ferromagnetic, Ant ferromagnetic Materials, Properties of diamagnetic, paramagnetic, and ferromagnetic & anti ferromagnetic materials, Curie-Weiss law, Concept of Curie temperature.

SEMICONDUCTOR MaTERIALS : Types of semiconductors: Elemental and compound semiconductors, Valence and energy band models, The density of state function, Equilibrium concentrations of electrons and holes, Intrinsic and extrinsic semiconductors, doping and ionization of impurities, Fermi level in semiconductors, Drift of carriers in electric field, Carrier scattering, Relaxation time, Mobility, Conductivity and Hall effect, Diffusion and Einstein relations, Low and high level injection, Carrier recombination and lifetime, Continuity equation.

P-N JUNCTION AND BIPOLAR JUNCTION TRANSISTOR : PN junction under thermal equilibrium, Contact potential and depletion layer , Calculation of electric field and potential distribution, Junction capacitance, I-V characteristics of p-n junction diode and breakdown diode, Charge control equation and transient behavior of p-n junction diodes, Metal semiconductor contacts and Schottky barrier diodes, Ohmic contacts and heterojunctions.

Operating principle and terminal currents of BJT, I-V characteristics of BJT , Ebers-Moll equations and regions of operations, Charge control equations , Switching characteristics of semiconductor diode, BJT, Switching and power transistors.

DIGITAL ELECTRONICS : Conversion of bases, Representation of negative numbers, 9’s and 1’s complement, 10’s 2’s complement, Arithmetic using 2’s complement, Floating point representation: range, resolutions, normalization, representation of zero, unused codes, parity bit & error-detection, Hexadecimal code, weighted codes – BCD, Excess-3 code, Gray Code and Alphanumeric code, Encoders and Decoders, Code Conversion.

COMBINATIONAL& SEQUENTIAL LOGIC DESIGN : Boolean algebra, SOP, POS, Minimization of Boolean Expressions/Functions using Karnaugh map, Limitations of K-map, Multiplexer/ Demultplexers, Arithmetic circuits, adders, subtractors, Flip Flops: SR, JK, Master slave J-K, T and D Flip Flops, Shift Registers and their Applications, Synchronous and Asynchronous counters, Design of counters using flip flops, Sequential circuit design,. State Diagrams.

8-BIT MICROPROCESSORS: Architecture, Organization & Programming of 8 bit microprocessor (Intel 8085). Instruction set, data transfer, Arithmetic and logical operations, Stock and Branching instructions, Assembly language programming.

MEMORY & I/O SYSTEMS & INTERFACING: RAMs, ROMs, EPROMs, I/O systems as employed in microcomputers, Program controlled I/O interrupts and DMA schemes, Programmable communication interface, Interrupt controllers, Keyboard comparison and display controllers, Comparison with other 8 bit Microprocessors, Applications and interfacing. Architecture and organization of a typical 16 bit microprocessor (Intel 8086).

ANALOG ELECTRONICS:OP AMP DESIGN CONSIDERATIONS: Difference Amplifiers, Constant Current Source (Current Mirror), Level Translator and Shifter, Output Stage, Brief circuit description of a typical Op Amp (741); Offset Bias & Frequency Compensation, Controlled Sources, Practical Integrator & Differentiator Circuits; Simulation of Differential Equations and Transfer Functions.

REALIZATION OF ACTIVE LP, HP, BP, BAND REJECTION/NOTCH FILTERS:Sallen & Key and Single Op Amp filter realizations, Multiple VCVS realizations and KHN realizations; Sensitivity & spread considerations; Introduction to switched capacitor filters, Linear wave shaping, clipping, clamping and Comparators, Use of ICs and 555 in free running and monostable multivibrators, Schmitt Triggers. Sweep generators.

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**NUMERICAL METHODS (Credit: 4) ) 3 ^{rd} Semester Sub.Code:-** 14B11MA311

Numerical Linear Algebra: Gauss-elimination and LU-Decomposition. Iterative methods: Gauss Seidel and successive-overrelaxation. Power method for largest eigenvalue. Jacobi method for real symmetric matrices.

Interpolation and Approximation: Interpolating polynomial. Lagrange formula with error. Formulae for equispaced points. Divided differences. Hermite interpolation. Least square approximation. Bezier methods.

Numerical Differentiation and quadrature: Approximation of derivatives. Newton-Cote formulae. Gauss-Legendre quadrature formulae. Double integration.

Non-linear Algebraic Equations: Iterative methods for one or more nonlinear equations with convergence.

Numerical Solutions of ODE and PDE : Runge-Kutta and predictor corrector methods for IVPs. Finite difference methods for BVPs. Shooting methods, Numerical solutions of parabolic and elliptic partial differential equations.

**COMPUTER AIDED DRAFTING LAB (Credit 1) 3 ^{rd} Semester Sub.Code:- **14B17ME373

**LIST OF EXPERIMENTS**

- Setting up of drawing environment by setting drawing limits, drawing units, naming the drawing, naming layers, setting line types for different layers using various type of lines in engineering drawing, saving the file with .dwg extension.
- Layout drawing of a building using different layer and line colors indicating all Building details. Name the details using text commands, Make a title Block.
- To Draw Orthographic projection Drawings (Front, Top and side) of boiler safety valve giving name the various components of the valve.
- Make an Isometric dimensioned drawing of a connecting Rod using isometric grid and snap.
- Draw quarter sectional isometric view of a cotter joint.
- Draw different types of bolts and nuts with internal and external threading in Acme and square threading standards. Save the bolts and nuts as blocks suitable for insertion.
- Draw 3D models by extruding simple 2D objects, dimension and name the objects.
- Draw a spiral by extruding a circle.
- Draw the 3-D solid model and convert it into drawing

**Financial Management (Credits 3) 4 ^{rth} Semester Sub.Code:- **14B11HS411

Introduction, scope and objectives, basic financial concepts. Time value of money. Capital budgeting – techniques, cash flows. Long term sources of finance. Concept and measurement of cost of capital. Leverages, EBIT-EPS analysis. Working capital management. Inventory management. Financial statement analysis.

**MACHINE TOOL ENGINEERING (Credits 4) 4 ^{rth} Semester Sub.Code:- **14B11ME411

METAL REMOVAL OPERATIONS : Principle of different machining operations, Process geometry, Calculation of machining time and material removal rate, mechanism of chip formation, Cutting forces and power in cutting processes, Merchant’s circle diagram.

Tool DESIGN IN MACHINE TOOLS : Standards of tool geometry, Tool angles and design of cutting tools, Tool materials, Tool wear and Tool life, Concept of Machinability, concept of chatter.

MACHINE TOOL DESIGN : Introduction to design of machine tool drives, machine tool Structures, Spindles, Slideways, Bearings, Introduction to vibration in machine tools.

**STRENGTH OF MATERIALS (Credits 4) 4 ^{rth} Semester Sub.Code:-** 14B11ME412

INTRODUCTION : Static and dynamic loading, Fatigue testing, Simple and complex stresses, Compound stresses & strains, Principle stresses & strains and principal- planes, Mohr’s circle.

Mechanical properties and Testing** : **Stress-strain diagram, Ductile & brittle material, Stress vs strength, Toughness, Hardness, Fracture, Fatigue and Creep, Testings such as Strength testing, Hardness testing, Impact testing, Fatigue testing, Creep testing, Nondestructive testing (NDT).

DEFLECTION OF BEAMS : Deflection of beams, methods for the calculation of deflections and slopes, Macaulay method, area moment method, Castiglino’s theorem, Maxwell’s reciprocal theorem, Unsymmetrical bending**.**

TORSION OF SHAFTS : Torsion of thin circular tube, Solid and hollow circular shafts, Tapered shaft, Stepped shaft & composite circular shafts, Combined bending and torsion, Equivalent torque, Effect of end thrust.

COLUMNS & STRUTS : Column under axial load, Concept of instability and buckling, Slenderness ratio, Derivation of Euler’s formulae for the elastic buckling load, Eulers, Rankine, Gordon’s formulae, Johnson’s empirical formulae, Pressure Vessels : Thin and thick walled cylindrical and spherical shells.

STRAIN ENERGY : Strain Energy & Impact Loading, Strain energy stored in a body when load is applied, Theories of Elastic Failure, Unsymmetrical bending, Properties of beam cross section, Product of inertia, Ellipse of inertia, Slope of the neutral axis, Stresses & deflections, Shear center and the flexural axis.

**FLUID MECHANICS (Credits 4) 4 ^{rth} Semester Sub.Code:- **14B11ME413

PROPERTIES OF FLUID : Pressure, Density, Specific weight, Viscosity, Dynamic and kinematic viscosity, Newton’s law of viscosity and its applications, Fluid statics,** **Pressure variation with depth, Pressure measurement, pressure on immersed surfaces, Center pressure, Buoyancy, Floatation, Stability of floating bodies.

FLUID KINEMATICS & DYNAMICS : Types of flows, Rate and continuity equation, Rotation, Vorticity and circulation, Free and forced vortex flow, Fluid Dynamics**, **Impulse momentum equation and its application, Bernoulli’s equation, Dimensional analysis.

FLOW THROUGH PIPES : Critical Reynold’s number, Velocity distribution in pipes, Friction factor, Moody’s chart, Pipe networking, Laminar flow through pipe, Hagen-Poiseulli’s equation, Turbulent flow through pipe, Hydraulic gradient line and total energy line, Minor head losses in pipes, Pipe networking transmission of power through pipe.

BOUNDARY LAYER THEORY : Development of boundary layer over flat plate and pipe, Boundary layer thickness-displacements energy and momentum thickness, Integral equation.

IMPACT OF FREE JETS : Introduction, Impulse – momentum principle, Jet impingement on the various shaped plates, Force exerted by a Jet on a hinged plate, Jet impingement upon a moving flat plate, Jet impingement at the centre of a vane, Jet impingement upon a stationary vane and moving vane with jet striking tangentially at one tip.

HYDRAULIC TURBINES AND PUMPS : Impulse Turbines, Francis Turbines, Propeller and Kaplan turbines: construction, operation and design, Performance Characteristics.

Centrifugal pumps, Classification, Velocity vector diagrams and work done, Reciprocating pumps, Construction and operational details, Work and power input, Effect of acceleration and friction on indicator diagram, Characteristic curves, Introduction to screw, gear, vane and radial piston pumps.

**OPERATION RESEARCH (Credits 4) 4 ^{rth} Semester Sub.Code:- **14B1AME414

INTRODUCTION : Definition– Characteristics and Phases – Types of models – Operation Research models – applications.

ALLOCATION : Linear Programming Problem Formulation – Graphical solution – Simplex method – Artificial variables techniques -Two–phase method, Big-M method – Duality Principle.

TRANSPORTATION PROBLEM : Formulation – Optimal solution, unbalanced transportation problem –

Degeneracy. Assignment problem – Formulation – Optimal solution – Variants of Assignment Problem

SEQUENCING : Introduction – Flow –Shop sequencing – n jobs through two machines – n jobs through three machines – Job shop sequencing – two jobs through ‘m’ machines.

THEORY OF GAMES : Introduction – Minimax (maximin) – Criterion and optimal strategy – Solution of games with saddle points – Rectangular games without saddle points – 2 X 2 games – dominance principle – m X 2 & 2

X n games -graphical method.

WAITING LINES : Introduction – Single Channel – Poisson arrivals – exponential service times – with infinite population and finite population models– Multichannel – Poisson arrivals – exponential service times with infinite population single channel Poisson arrivals.

DYNAMIC PROGRAMMING : Introduction – Bellman’s Principle of optimality – Applications of dynamic

programming- capital budgeting problem – shortest path problem – linear programming problem

SIMULATION: Introduction, Design of simulation, Models & experiments, Monte Carlo methods- its applications in industries, Problems.

MARKOV ANALYSIS: First order Markov processes and their analysis.

**Environmental Studies (3 Credits) 4 ^{rth} Semester Sub.Code:- **14B11GE411

Multidisciplinary nature of environment, Biodiversity, Natural resources, Energy consumption & Conservation; Significance of equitable sharing of resources, Role of Global Conventions, Environmental Laws &Regulations; Risks of Pollution, Hazards due to mismanagement of wastes including Electronic wastes, Radioactive materials; Importance of Urban planning, Environmental Impact assessment, Disaster management and Contingency Planning; Use of modern technologies such as Satellite Imaging and Remote sensing; Sustainability & Planned reversal of human destruction to environment, eco-consumerism, green technologies; Case studies in all above topics; Field Work on environmental aspects.

MACHINE DRAWING LAB (Credit 1)

**LIST OF EXERCISES:**

(i) Introduction, IS Specification Code of engineering drawing-Limits, fits and tolerance (Dimensional and Geometrical tolerance), lines, scales, section, dimensioning.

(ii) Drawing & sketching of machine elements in Orthographic Projection.

(iii) Drawing & Sketching of Screwed (Threaded) Fasteners.

(iv) Drawing & Sketching of bolted joints.

(v) Drawing & Sketching of locking arrangements for nuts.

(vi) Drawing & Sketching of different types of keys.

(vii) To make assembly of Cotter and Knuckle joint.

(viii) Drawing & Sketching of Rigid coupling.

(ix) Drawing & Sketching of Flexible coupling.

(x) Drawing & Sketching of Riveted Joints.

(xi) To make complete assembly of Engine Parts.

(xii) To make complete assembly of Stuffing Box.

(xiii) To make free hand of sketching of some threaded fasteners and simple machine components.

(xiv) To make assembly of Nut and Bolts.

**Social and Legal Issues (3 credits) 5 ^{th} Semester Sub.Code:- **14B11HS511

Social Structure, Social Impact on Information System and Technology, Corporate Social Responsibility, Business ethics, Professional Conduct: Code of ethics for an Engineer, Ethics in Bio-Tech, Introduction to Constitution, Right to information, Consumer Protection Act, Contract Act, Company Act, Negotiable Instruments Acts, Intellectual Property Issues:(What is Intellectual Property, Copyright Law, Trademark and Law of Patent),,Computer Crimes(Fraud and Embezzlement, Sabotage & Information Theft, Intruders, Hacking& Cracking), Computer Crime Laws, Digital Forgery, Cyber Terrorism, Wiretapping & IT Act.

**MEASUREMENT AND CONTROL (Credits 4) 5 ^{th} Semester Sub.Code:- **14B11ME511

INSTRUMENTATION & THEIR REPRESENTATION : Introduction, Typical applications of instrument, Systems, Functional elements of a measurement system, Classification of instruments, Standards and calibration.

STATIC AND DYNAMICS CHARECTERISTICS OF INSTRUMENTS : Accuracy, Precision, Resolution, Threshold, Sensitivity, Linearity, Hysteresis, Dead band, Backlash, Drift, Motion, Force and torque measurement, Pressure and flow measurement, Temperature measurement.

METROLOGY : Accuracy and precision, Limits fits and tolerances, Interchangeability and selective assembly, Probability distribution (Normal distribution), Limit gauges and tolerance sink, Surface plate, Sine bar angle blocks, Interferometry and optical flat analysis, Comparators, Surface finish.

INTRODUCTION TO CONTROL SYSTEMS : Types of control systems, Performance analysis representation of processes & control elements – Mathematical modeling, Block diagram representation, Signal flow graphs, Types of controllers.

TRANSIENT AND STEADY STATE RESPONSE : Time domain representation, Laplace transform, Proportional – cum – derivative control, Proportional – cum – integral control, Error constant, Frequency response analysis.

**KINEMATICS OF MACHINE (Credits 4) 5 ^{th} Semester Sub.Code:- **14B11ME512

MECHANISMS AND MACHINES: Introduction to mechanism and machine, Link, Kinematic diagram, Kinematic Pairs, Chains, Grashof’s Criterion, Inversions, Euler’s theorem, Constrained motion, Degrees of freedom, Equivalent linkages, Kinematic synthesis of mechanisms, transmission of force and torque in mechanisms, Mechanisms with lower pairs, Universal Coupling, Indexing mechanism, Steering gear mechanism, Engine indicators, Kinematics of spatial chains, Robot kinematics.

VELOCITY AND ACCELERATION ANALYSIS: Displacement analysis, Relative velocity, Velocity image, Instantaneous centre, Aronhold-Kennedy’s theorem, Velocity and acceleration polygon, Coriolis component of acceleration, Klien’s construction, Hartmann construction, Euler-Savary equation, Bobilier construction, Kinematic synthesis for function and path generation.

FRICTION:Friction axis and circle, Classification of lubrication, Theories of friction, Pivot and collar bearings, Clutches, Brakes and effect of breaking, Dynamometers and their applications.

GEAR AND GEAR TRAINS: Terminologies and classification of gears, Gearing action, Law of gearing, Tooth profile generation, Involute action of spur gear, Interference and undercutting, Velocity ratio and efficiency of Helical and Worm gears. Different types of gear trains, Torque calculation, and Gear train with bevel gear.

CAMS: Terminologies, Classification of cams and followers, Follower movement, Synthesis of cam profile, Undercutting, Effect of offset motion, Pressure angle, Cams with specified contours, Dynamic analysis of rigid and elastic cams, Follower response and command, Jump, Surge, Design considerations.

**INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES (Credits 4) 5 ^{th} Semester Sub.Code:- **14B11ME513

INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES : S.I. and C.I. engines of two and four stroke cycles, , Scavenging, Introduction to ideal cycles: carnot cycle, otto cycle, diesel cycle, brayton cycle: applications of gas turbines, real cycle analysis of SI and CI engines, Determination of engine dimensions, speed, fuel consumption, output, mean effective pressure, efficiency, Factors effecting volumetric efficiency, Valve timing diagram ,Heat balance, Performance characteristics of SI and CI engines, Cylinder arrangement, Firing order, Power balance for multi-cylinder engines.

ENGINE TESTING AND PERFORMANCE : Performance parameters: BHP, IHP, Mechanical-efficiency, Brake mean effective pressure and indicative mean effective pressure, Torque, Volumetric efficiency, Specific fuel consumption (BSFC, ISFC), Thermal efficiency; Heat balance, Basic engine measurements, Fuel and air consumption, Brake power, Indicated power and friction power, Heat lost to coolant and exhaust gases, Performance curves.

VARIOUS TYPES OF FUELS AND BASIC MECHANISM OF CARBURRETION AND INJECTION: Fuels for SI and CI engine, Important qualities of SI and CI engine fuels, Rating of SI engine and CI engine fuels, Gaseous fuels, LPG, CNG and other alternative fuels.

Carburetion, Mixture requirements, Theory of carburetor, MPFI, Fuel injection in CI engines, Requirements, Fuel pumps, Fuel injectors, Injection timings.

COMBUSTION IN S.I. & C.I. ENGINES : Flame development and propagation, Ignition lag, Effect of air density, Temperature, Engine speed, Turbulence and ignition timings, Physical and chemical aspects of detonation, Effect of engine and fuel variables on knocking tendency, Knock rating of volatile fuels, Octane number, H.U.C.R., Action of dopes. Pre-ignition, Its causes and remedy, Salient features of various types of combustion chambers.

LUBRICATION & COOLING SYSTEMS : Functions of a lubricating system, Types of lubrication system, Mist, Wet sump and dry sump systems, Properties of lubricating oil, SAE rating of lubricants, Engine performance and lubrication, Necessity of engine, Cooling, disadvantages of overcooling, Cooling systems, Air-cooling, Water cooling, Radiators.

SUPERCHARGING : Effect of attitude on mixture strength and output of S.I. engines, Low and high pressure super charging, Exhaust, Gas turbo-charging, Supercharging of two stroke engines.

**HEAT AND MASS TRANSFER (Credits 4) 5 ^{th} Semester Sub.Code:- **14B11ME515

BASICS & LAWS : Definition of Heat Transfer, Reversible and irreversible processes, Modes of heat flow, Combined heat transfer system and law of energy conservation, Steady state heat conduction through a plane wall, cylinder and sphere, Conduction with heat generation.

EXTENDED SURFACES : Extended surfaces, Fin effectiveness, 2-D heat conduction, Transient heat conduction.

CONVECTION : Forced convection-Thermal and hydro-dynamic boundary layers, Equation of continuity, Momentum and energy equations, Empirical relations for free convection from vertical and horizontal planes & cylinders.

THERMAL RADIATION : The Stephen-Boltzmann law, The black body radiation, Shape factors and their relationships. Heat exchange between non black bodies, Electrical network for radiative exchange in an enclosure of two or three gray bodies, Radiation shields.

HEAT EXCHANGERS : Classification, Performance variables, Analysis of a parallel/counter flow heat exchanger, Heat transfer with change of phase.

MASS TRANSFER : Fick’s law, Equimolal diffusion, Diffusion coefficient, Analogy with heat transfer, Diffusion of vapour in a stationary medium.

**DESIGN OF MACHINE ELEMENTS (Credits 4) 5 ^{th} Semester Sub.Code:- **14B11ME514

DESIGN AGAINST STATIC LOAD : Modes of failure, Theories of failure, Graphical representation and comparison Introduction to fracture mechanics, Stress concentration factor

DESIGN AGAINST FLUCTUATING LOAD : Different types of fluctuating stresses, S-N Curve, Notch sensitivity, Fatigue strength considering stress concentration factor, surface factor, size factor, reliability factor etc., Fatigue design for finite and infinite life against combined variable stresses using Goodman and Soderberg’s Criterion, Fatigue design using Miner’s equation. Design for Manufacturing (DFM), Role of processing in design,

**MATERIAL SELECTION : **Material and Manufacturing in design, Material selection.

BELT, ROPE AND CHAIN DRIVES : Design of belt drives: Flat and V-belt drives, Geometrical factors, Mechanics of belt drives, Condition for transmission of maximum power, Selection of flat and V-belts, Design of rope drives, Design of chain drives with sprockets

SHAFTS, KEYS AND COUPLINGS : Design of shaft under bending, twisting and axial loading, Shock factors, Rigidity considerations, Design of shaft under fluctuating loads, Critical speed of shafts, Keys, Couplings

WELDED JOINTS : Basics of design of welded joints

SPRINGS : Types of springs, Design of helical springs against tension, compression and fluctuating loads and their uses, Design of leaf springs, Surging phenomenon in springs, Design problems.

BEARINGS : Selection of ball and roller bearing based on static and dynamic load carrying capacity using load-life relationship, Selection of bearings from manufacturer’s catalogue. Types of lubrication, Lubricants and their properties, Selection of suitable lubricants, Design of journal bearings using Raimondi and Boyd’s Charts, Design Problems

**Project Management (3 credits) 6 ^{th} Semester Sub.Code:- **14B11HS611

Concepts, project life cycle, roles and responsibilities of project manager. Generation of Project ideas and opportunities. Project selection – criteria and models. Project planning. Project strategy – risk management, budgeting and cost estimates. Scheduling – network techniques, Gantt charts. Resource allocation. Monitoring and information system. Project control, auditing, completion & development and process improvement. Managing E-projects and Future of Project Management.

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**INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING (Credits 4) 6 ^{th} Semester Sub.Code:- **14B11ME615

PRODUCTION AND Productivity : Concept of production and productivity, Productivity index, Ways to improve productivity, Types of production system.

Work study and ergonomics : Meaning and benefits of work study, Time & motion study, Micro-motion study, P.M.T.S., Flow charts and diagrams, Motion economy, Method study, Work measurement, Work sampling, Standard time, Ergonomics.

Plant location, layout and materials Handling : Plant location, Rural vs Urban location, Type of layout, Principles of layout, Principles of material handling, Material Handling equipments.

Production planning and control (ppc) : Objectives, Forecasting, Product design and development functions, Steps in PPC. Planning, Routing, Scheduling, Dispatching & follow-up, Effectiveness of PPC, Introduction of JIT.

Inventory Control : Inventory – function, cost, deterministic models. Introduction to material requirement planning (MRP), Supply chain Management.

Quality Control : Introduction, Process control, Statistical quality control (SQC), Control Charts, Single, double, and Sequential sampling, Introduction to total quality management (TQM) and Bench marking.

Job Evaluation & Merit rating : Job analysis, Job description, Job simplification, Job evaluation methods, and Description, Merit rating, Wage incentive plans.

**CAD CAM (Credits 4) 6 ^{th} Semester Sub.Code:- **14B11ME611

Fundamentals of COMPUTER AIDED DESIGN : Introduction to Design Process, Creating Database, Hardware, Software, Graphics Standard.

Geometric MODELING : Fundamentals Representation, Matrix Representation, Geometric Transformation, Mathematical Representation of Curves, Mathematical Representation of Surfaces, Mathematical Representation of Solids.

DESIGN APPLICATIONS – fem : Mass Property Calculations, Fundamentals of Finite Element Analysis and applications.

COMPUTER AIDED PROCESS PLANNING (CAPP) : CAD/CAM Integration Requirement, Different Approaches in Process Planning, Fundamentals of Modeling for Process Planning.

Computer Aided Manufacturing (CAM) : Basic Concepts of Manufacturing System, NC Machine Tools, CNC, DNC, Different Types of Controls, Part Programming.

Computer INTEGRATED Manufacturing (cim) : Flexible Manufacturing System (FMS) and Computer Integrated Manufacturing Systems (CIMS), Factories of Future.

**REFRIGERATION AND AIRCONDITIONING (Credits 4) 6 ^{th} Semester Sub.Code:-** 14B11ME612

INTRODUCTION : Definition of refrigeration & air conditioning; Necessity, Methods of refrigeration, Unit of refrigeration, Coefficient of performance (COP), Fundamentals of air-conditioning system, Refrigerants- Definition, Classification, Nomenclature, Desirable properties, Comparative study, Secondary refrigerants, Introduction to eco-friendly Refrigerants, Introduction to Cryogenics.

AIR REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS : Carnot refrigeration cycle, Temperature, Limitations, Brayton refrigeration or the Bell Coleman air refrigeration cycle, Necessity of cooling the aero plane; Air craft refrigeration systems, Simple cooling and simple evaporative types, Boot strap and boot strap evaporative types, Regenerative type and reduced ambient type system, Comparison of different systems.

VAPOUR COMPRESSION REFRIGERATION SYSTEM : Simple vapour compression (VC) refrigeration systems-Limitations of reversed carnot cycle with vapour as the refrigerant, Analysis of VC cycle considering degrees of sub cooling and superheating, VC cycle on p-v, t-s and p-h diagrams, Effects of operating conditions on COP, Comparison of VC cycle with air refrigeration cycle, multi stage refrigeration systems.

VAPOUR ABSORPTION SYSTEMS AND REFRIGERANTS : Theoretical and practical systems such as electrolux & other systems, Nomenclature & classification of refrigerants, Desirable properties, Common refrigeration, Comparative study, Leak detection methods, environment friendly refrigerants and refrigerant mixtures, Brine and its properties.

PSYCHROMETRY : Calculation of psychrometric properties of air by table and charts, Sensible heating and cooling, evaporative cooling, cooling and dehumidification, heating and humidification, mixing of air stream, sensible heat factor.

AIR CONDITIONING : Principle of air conditioning, requirements of comfort air conditioning, Properties of moist Air-Gibbs, Dalton law, Specific humidity, Dew point temperature, Degree of saturation, Relative humidity, Enthalpy, Humid specific heat, Wet bulb temperature, Psychrometric chart, Psychrometry of air-conditioning processes, Air- Conditioning Load Calculations, Outside and inside design conditions, Sources of heating load, Sources of cooling load.

**DYNAMICS AND VIRBRATION OF MACHINERY (Credits 4) 6 ^{th} Semester Sub.Code:-** 14B11ME613

ENGINE DYNAMICS: Force analysis of mechanisms and parts of an engine, Dynamically equivalent systems, D’Alembert’s principle, Dynamics of reciprocating engines, Turning-moment diagrams, Fluctuations of energy and speed, Fly wheels.

GOVERNORS: Types of governors, Characteristics of centrifugal governors, Inertia governors, Sensitiveness, Hunting, Controlling force, Stability, Governor effect and power, Effect of friction on the quality of governor.

BALANCING: Balancing of rotating and reciprocating masses, Tractive force, Hammer blow, Balancing of engines and rotors, Balancing machines.

GYROSCOPE: Gyroscopes, Gyroscopic forces and couples, Gyroscopic stabilization, Gyroscopic effects on naval ships, Steering, pitching and rolling, Ship stabilization, Stability of four wheel and two wheel vehicles moving on curved paths, Gyroscopic effects on an aeroplane.

VIBRATION OF SINGLE DEGREE OF FREEDOM SYSTEM: General terms and classification of vibrations, Harmonic motion, Periodic functions, Harmonic analysis, Equation of motion, Free and forced vibration, Damping, Resonance, Energy method, Rayleigh’s method, Unbalance, whirling speed of shaft, Transient vibration.

VIBRATION OF MULTI DEGREE OF FREEDOM: Systems with two degree of freedom, Principle modes of vibration, Dynamic and centrifugal pendulum vibration absorbers, Viscous and Coulomb dampers, Hand damped free vibration, Principal modes steady state undamped force vibration, Damped vibration, Damped free vibration, Influence coefficient and matrix methods, Torsional vibrations, Multifilar systems, Torsionally equivalent system, Multimass torsional systems, Dunkerlay’s methods, Holzers method, Model analysis.

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**ADVANCED MANUFACTURING PROCESSES (Credits 4) 6 ^{th} Semester Sub.Code:- **14B11ME614

Introduction : Limitations of conventional manufacturing processes, Need and classification of unconventional or advanced manufacturing processes.

Unconventional Machining Processes : Process principle, Analysis and applications of Electric Discharge Machining, Laser Beam Machining, Electron Beam Machining, Ion Beam Machining, Plasma Beam Machining, Ultra-Sonic Machining, Abrasive Jet Machining, Water Jet Machining, Abrasive Water Jet Machining, Ice Jet Machining, Electrochemical Machining, Chemical Machining, Bio Chemical Machining.

Hybrid Machining Processes : Electrochemical Discharge Machining, Electro-Chemical Abrasive Grinding, Electro Discharge Abrasive Grinding.

Unconventional Finishing Processes : Need, classification, process principle and applications of Abrasive Flow Finishing, Magnetic Abrasive Flow Finishing, Magnetic Abrasive Finishing, Magneto-Rheological Finishing.

Unconventional welding processes : Laser beam welding, Electron beam welding, Ultra-sonic welding, Plasma arc welding, Explosive welding, Under water welding, Micro welding processes.

Unconventional Forming processes : Explosive forming, Electro hydraulic forming, Electro magnetic forming, Laser bending, Powder rolling, Spray rolling, Hydro forming, Hydrostatic and Powder extrusion, Powder, Rotary and Isothermal forming.

Generative Manufacturing Processes : Concept of generative manufacturing, Need and classification, Process principle and Applications of Selective laser sintering, Fused deposition manufacturing, Steriolithography, Ballistic particle manufacturing, Three dimensional printing, Laminated object manufacturing.

**Entrepreneurial Development (3 credits) 7 ^{th} Semester Sub.Code:- **14B1NHS731

Foundations of entrepreneurship. Strategic management and the entrepreneur. Forms of business ownership and franchising. Buying an existing business, sources of funds, building a marketing plan. E-commerce, integrated marketing communications and pricing strategies. Managing cash flows, creating a successful financial plan. Leading the growing company and planning for management succession. Global aspects of entrepreneurship, opportunities for entrepreneurs.

**Managing and Marketing Technology (3 credits) 7 ^{th} Semester Sub.Code:- **14B1NHS732

An Introduction to Marketing. Analysis of the macro environment. Corporate and division strategic planning. Product, services and branding strategies. The New Age Digital Marketing. Internet Marketing. Interactive Marketing Communications. New product development and product life-cycle strategies. Pricing strategies. Marketing channels and supply chain management. Advertising, sales promotion, personal selling and direct marketing. Creating customer value and loyalty. Cultivating Customer Relationship Management. Competitive Dynamics and Strategies for Market Leaders. Crafting the Brand Positioning. Setting the Product Strategy. Designing and managing services. Designing and Managing Integrated Marketing Channels. Designing and Managing Integrated Marketing Communications. Buying Decision Process. The Global Marketplace. Social Responsibility and Marketing Ethics. Managing a Holistic Marketing Organization.

**ENERGY CONVERSION (Credits 3) 7 ^{th} Semester Sub.Code:- **14B1NME731

INTRODUCTION : Role of energy in industrial activity, Conventional and Non conventional energy sources, Energy demand and availability, Energy audit, Energy conservation techniques in domestic, transport and in industrial sector, Energy Conservation in production of Heat and in Power generation.

ENERGY CONSERVATION IN USE OF HEAT : Economical design of furnace, Water treatment, Drying conditioning and industrial space heating, Boiler accessories etc., Heat recovery in Waste heat boilers, Co-generation Selection of Cycles: Combined cycle, Power generation for better energy efficiency management, Different systems for combined cycle power generation, Energy conservation for better management techniques.

NEW AND RENEWABLE ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES : Clean Coal Technologies – coal beneficiation, Supercritical cycles, Integrated gasification combined cycles (IGCC), and Fluidized bed combustion, Electro gas dynamic, Thermonic, Thermoelectric generators, Fuel cells, Hydrogen economy, Renewable energy sources, Solar, Wind, Hydro, Biomass, Tidal, Geothermal, Animal and Human energy.

ENERGY AUDIT : Introduction, Types of audit, Field audit, Billing audit, Micro audit, Energy accounting & analysis, Survey Instrumentation, Energy economic decision making, the heating, Ventilation and air conditioning audit, Energy efficiency in unit operation, Demand side management, Energy economics, Energy related standards & Norms, Energy intensive industries, The utility energy audit, maintenance and energy audits, Self-evaluation checklists, Case studies & success stories.

**ENERGY MANAGEMENT PRICIPLES (Credits 3) 7 ^{th} Semester Sub.Code:- **14B1NME732

PLANNING FOR ENERGY MANAGEMENT : Initiation phase, Audit and analysis phase, Implementation phase, General methodology for building and site energy audit, Site survey, Methodology, Site survey-electrical system, Steam & water systems, Building survey methodology, Basic energy audit instrumentation, Measurements for building surveys.

MANAGEMENT OF HEATING AND COOLING GENERAL PRINCIPLES : The requirements for human comfort, Description of typical systems-dual duct HVAC system, Multi zone HVAC systems, Variable a volume system, Terminal reheat system, Evaporative HVAC systems, Modeling of heating and cooling loads in buildings.

ELECTRICAL LOAD AND LIGHTING MANAGEMENT : General principles, Illumination and human comfort, Basic principles of lighting system, Typical illumination system and equipment, Fundamentals of single phase and 3-phase A.C. circuits, Energy management opportunities for lighting systems, Motors and electrical heat, Electrical load analysis and their parameters, Peak, demand control.

MANAGEMENT OF PROCESS ENERGY : General principles, Process heat, Combustion, Energy saving in condensate return, Steam generation & distribution, Auto-motive fuel control, Hot water and water pumping, Direct & indirect fired furnaces over, Process electricity, Other process energy forms – compressed air & manufacturing processes.

ECONOMICS OF EFFICIENT ENERGY USE : General consideration life cycle costing, Break even analysis, Cost of money, Benefit / Cost Analysis, Pay back period analysis, Present worth analysis, Equivalent annual cost analysis, Capital cost analysis, Perspective rate of return.

INTEGRATED BUILDING SYSTEM : General principles, Environmental conformation, Passive design consideration, Building envelope design consideration, Integration of building system, Energy storage.

USE OF COMPUTER FOR ENERGY MANAGEMENT : Energy management, Energy management principle involving computers, Basics of computer use, Analysis – Engineering & Economic calculations, Simulation, Forecast, CAD/CAM, Controls – Microprocessor & minicomputers, Building cycling & control, Peak demand limiting & control, Industrial power management.

**POWER PLANT ENGINEERING (Credits 3) 7 ^{th} Semester Sub.Code:- **14B1NME733

INTRODUCTION : Energy resources and their availability, Types of power plants, Selection of the plants, Review of basic thermodynamic cycles used in power plants.

HYDRO ELECTRIC & NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS : Rainfall and run-off measurements power plants design, Site selection, Comparison with other types of power plants, Principles of nuclear energy, Basic nuclear reactions, Nuclear reactors-PWR, BWR, CANDU, Sodium graphite.

COMBINED CYCLES : Constant pressure gas turbine power plants, Arrangements of combined plants (steam & gas turbine power plants), Re-powering systems with gas production from coal, Using PFBC systems with organic fluids, Parameters affecting thermodynamic efficiency of combined cycles.

POWER PLANT ECONOMICS : Load curve, Different terms and definitions, Cost of electrical energy, Tariffs methods of electrical energy, Performance & operating characteristics of power plants- incremental rate theory, Input-out put curves, Efficiency, Heat rate, Economic load sharing.

STEAM TURBINES : Classification, Impulse Turbine- flow through blades, Velocity diagram, Power output and efficiency, Maximum blade efficiency of single stage impulse turbine, Blade friction, Compounding of impulse turbine, Reaction Turbine-flow through impulse reaction blades, Degree of reaction, Velocity diagram, Power output, Efficiency and blade height, Comparison of impulse and impulse reaction turbines, Losses in steam turbines, Stage efficiency, Overall efficiency and reheat factor, Governing of steam turbines.

**UNCONVENTIONAL ENERGY SOURCES (Credits 3) 7 ^{th} Semester Sub.Code:- **14B1NME734

INTRODUCTION : The energy crisis – causes and options, Renewable and Non-renewable forms of energy and their characteristics, Availability of renewable energy and Land area requirements.

Solar energy : Solar radiations, Solar thermal power and it’s conversion, Solar collectors, Flat plat, Concentric collectors, Cylindrical collectors, Thermal analysis of solar collectors. Solar energy storage, Different systems, Solar pond. Applications, Water heating, Space heating & cooling, Solar distillation, Solar pumping, Solar cooking, Greenhouses, Solar power plants.

Biogas : Photosynthesis, Bio gas production, Aerobic and anaerobic bio-conversion process, Raw materials, Properties of bio gas, Transportation of bio gas, Bio gas plant technology & status, Community biogas plants, Problems involved in bio gas production, Bio gas applications, Biomass conversion techniques, Energy plantation, Fuel properties.

Wind energy : Properties of wind, Availability of wind energy in India, Wind Velocity, Wind machine fundamentals, Types of wind machines and their characteristics, Horizontal and Vertical axis wind mills, Elementary design principles, Coefficient of performance of a wind mill rotor, Aerodynamic considerations in wind mill design, Selection of a wind mill, Economic issues, Recent development.

Electrochemical effects and fuel cells : Revisable cells, Ideal fuel cells, Other types of fuel cells, Efficiency of cells, Thermions systems.

Tidal power : Tides and waves as sources of energy, Fundamentals of tidal power, Use of tidal energy, Limitations of tidal energy conversion systems.

Hydrogen Energy : Properties of hydrogen in respect of it’s use as source of renewable energy, Sources of hydrogen, Production of hydrogen, Storage and transportation, Problems with hydrogen as fuel.

Thermoelectric systems : Kelvin relations, Power generation, Properties of thermoelectric materials, Fusion, Plasma generators.

Geothermal energy : Hot springs, Steam ejection, Principal of working, Types of geothermal station with schematic representation, Site selection for geothermal power plants. Advanced concepts, Problems associated with geothermal conversion.

Ocean energy : Principal of ocean thermal energy conversion, Power plants based on ocean energy, Problems associated with ocean thermal energy conversion systems.

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**DESIGN OF HEAT EXCHANGERS (Credits 3) 7 ^{th} Semester Sub.Code:- **14B1NME735

CLASSIFICATION OF HEAT EXCHANGERS : Recuperation and regeneration, Transfer processors, Geometry of construction–tubular heat exchangers, plate heat exchangers, extended surface heat exchanges, Heat transfer mechanisms, Flow arrangements, Selection of heat exchangers.

BASIC DESIGN METHODS OF HEAT EXCHANGES : Arrangement of flow path in heat exchangers , Basic equations in design, Overall heat transfer coefficient , Log mean temperature difference method for heat exchanger analysis , The Î-NTU method for heat exchanger analysis, Heat exchanger design calculation, Variable overall heat transfer coefficient , Heat exchanger design methodology.

DESIGN CORRELATIONS FOR CONDENSERS AND EVAPORATORS : Condensation, Film condensation on a single horizontal tube-laminar film condensation, forced convection, Film condensation in tube bundles-effect of condensate inundation, effect of vapor shear, Combined effects of inundation and vapor shear, Condensation inside tubes-condensation in vertical tubes.

SHELL AND TUBE HEAT EXCHANGERS : Basic components-shell types, tube bundle types, baffle type and geometry, Basic design procedure of a heat exchanger-preliminary estimation of unit size, rating of preliminary design, Bell-Delaware method.

COMPACT HEAT EXCHANGERS : Plate-fin heat exchangers, tube-fin heat exchangers, Heat transfer and pressure drop-heat transfer, pressure drop for finned-tube exchangers, Pressure drop for plate-fin exchangers, Gasketed plate type heat exchangers.

**RELIABILITY ENGINEERING (Credits 3) 7 ^{th} Semester Sub.Code:- **14B1NME736

RELIABILITY: DEFINITION : Probability concept, Addition of probabilities, Complimentary events, Kolmogorov axioms.

FAILURE DATA ANALYSIS :Introduction, Mean failure rate, Mean time to failure (MTTF), Mean time between failures ( MTBF), Graphical plots, MTTF in terms of failure density, MTTF in integral form.

HAZARD MODELS : Introduction, Constant hazard, Linearly increasing hazard, Weibull model, Density function and distribution function, Reliability analysis, Important distributions and their choice, Standard deviation and variance. **(6)**

CONDITIONAL PROBABILITY : Introduction, Multiplication rule, Independent events, Vernn diagram, Hazard rate as conditional probability, Bayes theorem.

SYSTEM RELIABILITY : Series, Parallel and mixed configurations, Complex systems, Logic diagrams, Markov models, Maintenance planning, Reliability and maintainability trade – off.

RELIABILITY IMPROVEMENT & REPAIRABLE SYSTEMS : Redundancy, Element, Unit and standby redundancy, Optimization, Reliability – cost trade- off, Introduction to repairable systems, Instantaneous repair rate, MTTR, Reliability and availability functions, Important applications, Fault-tree construction, Calculation of reliability, Tie- set and minimal tie-set.

**ADVANCED MECHANICS OF SOLIDS (Credits 3) 7 ^{th} Semester Sub.Code:- **14B1NME737

ANALYSIS OF STRESS AND STRAIN : Analysis of stress, Analysis of strain, Compatibility conditions, Generalized Hooke’s Law, Stress-strain relations, Theories of failure, Factors of safety in design, Ideally plastic in solids, Yield surfaces of tresca and non mices.prandtal renss and saint venant non mises equations.

DEFLECTION OF BEAMS : Bending of a plate, Bending of a uniformly loaded rectangular plate, Deflection of a long rectangular plate with initial curvature, Bending of a circular plate with various loading conditions, Energy methods in first and second theorems of Castigliano, Maxwell Mohr Integrals asymmetric bending of beams, Shear centre, Bending of curved beams and thick curved bar shear center.

TORSION : Torsion of circular and non circular bars, Torsion of rolled section bars, Membrane analogy, Torsion of thin walled tubes, Torsion of rolled section bars, Torsion of thin walled multiple – closed section, Centre of twist and flexural centre.

PRESSURE VESSELS : Thick walled cylinder subject to internal and external pressure, Stresses in composite tubes, stress in rotating disks, shafts and cylinders, Thermal stresses in thin circular disc, long circular cylinder, Sphere and straight and curved beams.

COLUMN AND STRUTS : Elastic stability, Beam-columns with concentrated load, Several concentrated load and end coupled, Buckling problem as eigen value problem, Orthogonility relations, Energy methods for buckling problems.

**FLEXIBLE MANUFACTURING SYSTEMS AND CIM (Credits 3) 7 ^{th} Semester Sub.Code:- **14B1NME738

INTRODUCTION : Fundamentals of Manufacturing Automation, Brief review of NC, CNC, and DNC.

Flexible manufacturing system : Machining Centre, Flexible Manufacturing Cell, Concept and definition of Flexible Manufacturing System (FMS), Automated material handling and storage systems such as Conveyors, AGVs, AS/RS and Industrial robots.

COMPUTER INTEGRATED MANUFACTURING SYSTEMS : Functions and components of computer integrated manufacturing systems (CIMS), Software technology of CIMS, Decision methodology for CIMS, Planning and Scheduling functions in CIMS, Control functions in CIMS.

**Mechatronics (Credits 3) 7 ^{th} Semester Sub.Code:-**14B1NME739

Mechatronics and its scope : Sensors and transducers – Displacement, position & proximity, velocity, force, pressure and level. Signal conditioning amplification, Filtering & data acquisition.

Pneumatic and Hydraulic actuation systems : Directional control valves, Pressure control valves and cylinders, Process control valves, Mechanical actuation system – Kinematic chains, cams, gear trains. Ratchet & Pawl, Dampers, Bearings. Electrical actuation system. Mechanical switches – Solenoid operated solid state switches, DC, AC & stepper motors. Building blocks of mechanical spring, Mass and damper. Drives – Electrical Drives, Fluid systems, Hydraulic, Servo, Closed loop controllers.

Elements of Microprocessors & Microcontrollers : Programmable logic controllers (PLC) & Industrial Robot and its control, Automobile engine control, Electromechanical disc-control.

Vehicle suspension Control : Micro mechanical systems. Computer Printer, VCR, Fax machine, NC machine.

**INTRODUCTION TO MICROPROCESSORS AND MICROCONROLLERS (Credits 3) 7 ^{th} Semester Sub.Code:- **14B1NCI739

Introduction to Microprocessor and Microcontrollers. Microprocessor and microcontroller based computer systems, Classification of microprocessors. 8051 and its flavors, A microcontrollers survey, Development system for microcontrollers and case studies.

Microprocessor and Microcontroller Architecture: Introduction, 8085/8086: Internal microprocessor Architecture, Real mode memory addressing, Introduction to protected mode memory addressing. 8051: microcontrollers Hardware, Input/Output pins, ports & circuits, External memory, counters & timers, Serial Data input/output, interrupts.

Addressing modes: 8085: addressing mode , 80×86: Data-Addressing modes, Program memory –addressing modes, stack memory addressing modes, and 8051 addressing mode: Comparison with microprocessors, External data moves, code memory read only data moves Push & pop opcodes, Data exchanges, Example programs.

8086/8088 Hardware specification: pin-outs and the pin function, Clock generators, Bus buffering & latching, Bus timings, Ready and wait states, Minimum mode versus maximum mode.

Memory Interface: Memory Devices, Memory interface, 8086, 80186, 80286, 80386sx(16bit) memory interface, Pentium ,Pentium pro and Pentium II(64-bit) memory interface, Dynamic RAM.

Interrupts for Microprocessors and Microcontrollers: Basic Interrupt processing, Hardware interrupts, Expanding the interrupts structures, 8259A, Interrupt examples.

I/O Interfacing: Memory organization & Interfacing, Internal architecture and programming concept of I/O Chips: 8251, 8253/54, 8255, 8257, 8259.

Direct Memory Access & DMA Controlled I/O: Basic DMA controller, The 8237 DMA controller, Shared –Bus operation, Disk memory System, video displays.

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**MAINTENANCE ENGINEERING (Credits 3) 7 ^{th} Semester Sub.Code:- **14B1NME740

INTRODUCTION : Fundamentals of Maintenance Engineering, Maintenance engineering its importance in material & energy conservation, Inventory control, Productivity, Safety, Pollution control, Safety Regulations, Pollution problems, Human reliability.

MAINTENANCE MANAGEMENT : Types of maintenance strategies, Planned and unplanned maintenance, Breakdown, Preventive & Predictive maintenance their comparison, Computer aided maintenance, Maintenance scheduling, Spare part management, inventory control.

TRIBOLOGY IN MAINTENANCE : Friction wear and lubrication, Friction & wear mechanisms, Prevention of wear, Types of lubrication mechanisms, Lubrication processes. Lubricants types, general and special purpose, additives, testing of lubricants, Degradation of lubricants, Seal & packing.

MACHINE HEALTH MONITORING : Condition based maintenance, Signature analysis, Oil analysis, Vibration, Noise and thermal signatures, On line & off line techniques, Instrumentation & equipment used in machine health monitoring. Instrumentation in maintenance, signal processing, data acquisition and analysis, Application of intelligent systems, Data base design.

RELIABILITY, AVAILABILITY & MAINTAINABILITY (RAM) ANALYSIS : Introduction to RAM failure mechanism, failure data analysis, failure distribution, reliability of repairable and non-repairable systems, Improvement in reliability, reliability testing, Reliability prediction, utilization factor, system reliability by Monte Carlo Simulation Technique.

**gas turbine and jet propulsion (Credits 3) 7 ^{th} Semester Sub.Code:- **14B1NME741

GAS TURBINES : classification, Application. Gas turbine and its components, gas turbine power plants. Optimum pressure ratio for maximum specific and thermal efficiency in actual gas turbine cycle, Effect of operating variables on thermal efficiency, air rate and work ratio.

COMBUSTION CHAMBER : Types of combustion chamber, factors affecting combustion chamber design, combustion processes, combustion chamber performance, fuel injection systems, Axial flow turbines & Combustion chamber: Vortex theory, limiting factors in turbine design, overall turbine performance, design performance of gas turbine plant, matching of turbine components.

CENTRIFUGAL COMPRESSORS : Prewhirling, adiabatic efficiency, performance characteristics, pressure coefficient and slip factor, losses, surging, compressor design calculations, Mach number.

AXIAL FLOW COMPRESSORS : Principles of operation, simple design method, blade design, calculation of stage, overall performance, compressor characteristics, Mach number, Reynolds Number.

JET PROPULSION : Turbo jet, turbo prop, ram jet, rocket engines thrust power, propulsive efficiency and thermal efficiency, jet propulsion performance, specifying thrust and specific fuel consumption in each case for turbo jet and turbo propulsion units.

**Knowledge Management (3 credits) 8 ^{th} Semester Sub.Code:- **14B1NHS831

Introduction. The Perspectives on Knowledge. Types of knowledge, knowledge workers valuing knowledge. The Introduction of Big Data. The creation and usage of Big Data. The dynamics and theories of the Knowledge Management. Knowledge Model Components. Template Knowledge Models. Knowledge Model Construction. Knowledge Intensive firms and the Knowledge Workers. Communities of Practice. Cross Community, Boundary Spanning Knowledge Processes. Power, Politics, Conflict and Knowledge Processes. Content Management. Creativity and Innovation Dynamics and Knowledge Processes. Knowledge Management Strategies. Business processes and the Process-Oriented Organization. Information and Communication Technologies (ICT). Management of Intellectual Capital. Different levels of knowledge Management Organizational Culture, Developing Human Capital. Building and Managing the Knowledge Repository. The Ultimate Knowledge for the Organization.

**TOTAL QUALITY MANAGEMENT (Credits 3) 8 ^{th} Semester Sub.Code:- **14B1NHS732

INTRODUCTION : Basics of total quality, Total quality management, TQM: Thinkers and thoughts, Quality Awards.

FEATURES OF TQM : Cost of quality, Team work for quality, Total employee involvement, Customer satisfaction

CONTINUOUS IMPROVEMENT : Quality circles, Kaizen, Six sigma, People CMM, Benchmarking

BASIC STATISTICAL CONCEPTS : Control of accuracy and precision, Process capability, Statistical process control, Quality management systems, Design of experiments (Taguchi Technique), FMEA, Total Productivity maintenance

QUALITY STANDARDS and CERTIFICATIONS : ISO: 9000 series, ISO: 14000 series

**COMPOSITE MATERIALS (Credits 3) 8 ^{th} Semester Sub.Code:- **14B1NME831

Introduction to Composites : General introduction and concept, Historical development, Concept of composite materials, Material properties that can be improved by forming a composite material & its engineering potential, Basic definition, and Advantages of composites materials.

CLASSIFICATION AND PROCESSING METHODS: Types of Reinforcements/Fibers, Matrix materials. Classification based on matrix material: Organic matrix composites, Polymer matrix composites (PMC), Carbon matrix composites or Carbon-Carbon Composites, Metal matrix composites (MMC), Ceramic matrix composites (CMC). Classification based on reinforcements: Fiber reinforced composites, Fiber reinforced polymer (FRP) composites, Laminar composites, Particulate composites.

Behaviour of COMPOSITES : Mechanical properties and other characteristics of different composite materials, Failure modes.

APPLICATIONS : Application of important composite materials such as Metal matrix, Ceramic matrix, and Polymer matrix in various fields of engineering.

**AUTOMOBILE ENGINEERING (Credits 3) ) 8 ^{th} Semester Sub.Code:- **14B1NME832

INTRODUCTION : Classification, Components, Requirements of automobile body, Vehicle frame, Separate body & frame, Unitised body, Front engine rear drive & Front engine four wheel drive vehicles, Safety considerations.

CLUTCHES : Principle of Clutches: Friction, Cone, Single Plate, Diaphragm Spring, Multi plate, Centrifugal, Electromagnetic, Over running of Clutches, Clutch linkages.

POWER TRANSMISSION : Requirements of transmission system, General arrangement of power transmission system, Gear box, Different types of gear boxes, Epi-cyclic gear box, Flywheel unit, Overdrive unit-principle of overdrive, Advantage of overdrive, Transaxle, Transfer cases.

DRIVE LINES, UNIVERSAL JOINT, DIFFERENTIAL AND DRIVE AXLES : Effect of driving thrust and torque reactions, Hotchkiss drive, Torque tube drive and radius rods, Propeller shaft, Universal joints, Slip joint, Constant velocity universal joints, Construction & operation of differential, Rear axles, Types of load coming on rear axles, Full floating, Three quarter floating and semi floating rear axles.

SUSPENSION & STEERING SYSTEMS : Need of suspension system, Types of suspension, Factors influencing ride comfort, Suspension spring, Constructional details and characteristics of leaf springs, Front wheel geometry & wheel alignment, Different types of steering gear boxes, Steering linkages and layout, Power steering.

AUTOMOTIVE BRAKES, TYRES & WHEELS : Classification of brakes, Principle and constructional details of drum brakes, Disc brakes, Brake actuating systems, Factors affecting brake performance, Power & power assisted brakes, Tyres of wheels, Types of tyre & their constructional details, Wheel balancing, Tyre rotation, Types of tyre wear & their causes.

EMISSION CONTROL SYSTEM & AUTOMOTIVE ELECTRICAL ; Sources of atmospheric pollution from the automobile, Emission control systems – Construction and Operation of positive crank case ventilation ( PVC) Systems, Purpose construction & operation of lead acid battery, Capacity, rating & maintenance of batteries, Purpose and operation of charging systems, Purpose and operations of the starting system, Vehicle lighting system.

**LASER MATERIALS PROCESSING (Credits 3) 8 ^{th} Semester Sub.Code:- **14B1NME833

INTRODUCTION : Light and Laser – Historical background, Generation of laser beam, Classification, Characteristics and application of lasers. Lasers in engineering.

LASER BEAM MACHINING : Laser processing of materials and process capabilities. Laser beam machining (LBM) such as Drilling, Cutting, Turning, Milling, and Micromachining.

LASER FORMING AND WELDING: Laser assisted forming such as Bending and Deep drawing, Laser welding, Laser surface structuring.

LASER ASSISTED MATERIAL PROCESSING : Laser assisted machining (LAM), Lasers in Rapid Prototyping, Laser hybrid machining processes.

**REVERSE ENGINEERING (Credits 3) 8 ^{th} Semester Sub.Code:- **14B1NME834

INTRODUCTION : Introduction of reverse and concurrent engineering, Elements of concurrent engineering, Advantage and applications.

Theory of measurements : Linear, Angular, Curved surfaces, Methods of advanced measuring devices, Coordinate measuring machine (CMM), Elements of CMM, Data accumulation, Retrieval.

Geometric Modelling : 2D and 3D graphics, Concepts of various transformation of geometric models, Wireframe, Surface and Solid modelling techniques, Representation of parametric and non-parametric curves and surfaces, Mathematical representation of solid and solid modeling based application, CAD/CAM data exchanges, Visual realism and Graphics tools, Applications, Auto-CAD, Auto surt, Auto Mil, and UNIGRAPHICS, CAD/CAM interfaces, Process planning, Computer aided production planning systems, Capacity planning, Part programming, APT, CAPPS programming, Geometry definition, Tool path generation.

Rapid Prototyping : Concurrent engineering, Need of rapid prototyping, Techniques, Resins, Laser production and control, Post curing, Data retrieval from CAD, MIC codes generation, Apparatus for quality measurement.

**RAPID PROTOTYPING (Credits 3) 8 ^{th} Semester Sub.Code:- **14B1NME835

Introduction : Phases of prototyping, Fundamentals of rapid prototyping (R. P.), Classification of R. P. processes.

Rapid Prototyping Process : Automated processes, Difference between Additive and Subtractive processes, Process chain, Steps involved in R. P. process.

- P. Types OR R. P. Systems

Liquid based, Solid based, and Powder based. Data formats in R. P., Application of R. P. in Manufacturing and Rapid Tooling. Evaluation and Benchmarking, Modeling practice on softwares such as IDEAS, UNIGRAPHICS, ProE, etc.

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**CONCURRENT ENGINEERING(Credits 3) 8 ^{th} Semester Sub.Code:- **14B1NME836

INTRODUCTION : Fundamentals of concurrent engineering, Need and basic principles of concurrent engineering, Benefits of implementation of concurrent engineering, Introduction to various integrating mechanisms, Forming of concurrent engineering team.

TEAMWORK : Interfacing of manufacturing and design, Selection of key techniques and methodologies, Selection of concurrent engineering tools.

QUALITY BY DESIGN : Quality function deployment methodology, Taguchi methods of robust design.

DESIGN FOR MANUFACTURABILITY : Virtual manufacturing, Introduction to value engineering, Value engineering analysis and techniques, Design for assembly: Introduction to various DFA technologies.

RAPID PROTOTYPING (RP) : Need and use of rapid prototyping, various rapid prototyping technologies, Design for reliability, Reliability fundamentals and design for reliability principles, Design for serviceability, Factors affecting serviceability, Serviceability evaluation, Design for maintainability and economics.

**PLANT LAYOUT AND MATERIAL HANDLING (Credits 3) 8 ^{th} Semester Sub.Code:- **14B1NME837

INTRODUCTION : Plant layout and management, Management factors effecting plant planning, Plant layout organization in different plants, Types of plant layout characteristics and qualifications required in plant layout engineer.

PLANT LAYOUT FACTOR : Steps in designing a plant layout, Preliminary survey, Developments necessitating plant layout, Product design, Functional design and production design, Factors influencing plant layout, Material, Machinery, Man movement within service, Building and charge, Consideration of management policies and layout objectives, Plant sector and its influence on plant layout, Plant layout tools and techniques, Product layout, Process layout, Group layout and JIT layout.

LAYOUT OF A NEW PLANT: Expanding the plant, Revising the plant to accommodate technologies advances in product design and equipment, Improving the layout through analysis and work simplification.

MATERIAL HANDLING: Materials handling principles, Work simplification, Cost factors, Equipment procedures for establishing and improving the layout through materials handling systems.

MATERIALS HANDLING EQUIPMENTS: Lifting and lowering devices (vertical motion), Transporting devices (horizontal motion), Combination devices (Lifting and lowering plus transportation)-Conveyors, Cranes, Hoists, Lifts, Chutes etc.

**TRIBOLOGY (Credits 3) 8 ^{th} Semester Sub.Code:- **14B1NME838

INTRODUCTION : History of tribology, Properties of lubricants-Viscosity, Effect of temperature and presence on viscosity, Measurement of viscosity, Generalized Reynolds equation, Flow and shear stress, Energy equation.

HYDRODYNAMIC : Bearings-Mechanism of pressure development, Idealized general bearing, Numerical solution of finite bearings, Circumferential and aerial flow, Oil flow through a bearing having circumferential oil groove, Thermal equilibrium, Design of general bearing.

PARELLED SURFACE AND STEP SQUEEZE FILM BEARING : Mechanism of hydrodynamic instability, Stiffness and damping coefficient, Stability, Effect of surface roughness on general bearing.

HYDROSTATIC BEARING- SYSTEM OF HYDROSTATIC LUBRICATION : Circular step bearing, Rectangular thrust bearing, Opposed pad bearing, Multirecces general bearing. Hydrostatic lift.

ELASTOHYDRODYNAMIC LUBRICATION(EHL) : Hydrodynamic equation, Elastic deformation, Grubin type solution, Accurate solution, Dimensionless parameters, Film thickness equations, Different regimes in the EHL contact. EHL point contact and line control.

BALL BEARING : Deep groove radial bearing, Angular contact bearing Thrust ball bearing, Geometry and kinematics, Stress and deformation, Load capacity, Prediction of fatigue life, Lubrication.

LAWS OF FRICTION : Friction theory, Friction heating, Effect of sliding speed on friction, Classification of wear, Mechanism of wear. Delamination theory of wears, Wear resistance materials,

**ROBOTICS ENGINEERING (Credits 3) 8 ^{th} Semester Sub.Code:- **14B1NME839

Introduction : Past, Present & Future, Robot terminology, Applications, Components and Subsystems. Classification of robot, End effectors, Different types of grippers and design concepts.

Robot Kinematics : Object location: Homogenous, Transformations. Direct and Inverse kinematics, Manipulator motion.

Robot Drives, Actuators and Control : Drive systems: Hydraulic, Pneumatic and Electrical. DC motor, Stepper motor, Robot motion, and Path control, Controller.

Sensors and Perception : Types of sensors, Vision system, Computer Interfaces.

**FINITE ELEMENT TECHNIQUE (Credits 3) 8 ^{th} Semester Sub.Code:- **14B1NME840

FUNDAMENTAL CONCEPTS : Introduction, Historical background, Stresses and equilibrium, Boundary conditions, Strain-displacement, Relations, Stress- strain relations, The Rayleigh-Ritz method, Galerkin’s method, Saint Venant’s principle, Matrix algebra, Gaussian elimination.

ONE-DIMENSIONAL PROBLEMS : Finite element modeling, Coordinates and a shape functions, Potential energy approach, Galerkin approach treatment of boundary conditions, Quadratic shape functions, Temperature effects.

TWO-DIMENSIONAL PROBLEMS USING CONSTANT STRAIN TRIANGLES : Finite element modeling, Constant strain triangle, Axis symmetric solids subjected to axis symmetric loading, Axis symmetric formulation, Finite element modeling, Triangular element.

TWO DIMENSIONAL ISOPARAMETRIC ELEMENTS AND NUMERICAL INTEGRATION :

Introduction, Four- node quadrilateral, Numerical integration stress calculations, High – order element, Nine-node quadrilateral, Eight-node quadrilateral, Six-node triangle, Comment on midside node.

BEAMS & FRAMES : Introduction, Finite element formulation, Load vector, Boundary considerations, Shear force and Bending moment, Beams on elastic supports, Plane frames.

THREE-DIMENSIONAL PROBLEMS IN STRESS ANALYSIS : Introduction, Finite element formulation, Stress calculations, Mesh preparation, Hexahedral elements and Higher- order elements,

DYNAMIC CONSIDERATIONS : Introduction, Formulation, Element mass matrices: Evaluation of Eigen values and Eigenvectors, Interfacing with previous Finite Element Programs and a program for determining critical speeds of shafts.

**NANO SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY (Credits 3) 8 ^{th} Semester Sub.Code:- **14B1NPH831

INTRODUCTION : Synthesis of nanomaterials: Different approaches of synthesis ( Physical Techniques and Chemical Techniques).

CHARACTERIZATION TECHNIQUES OF NANOMATERIALS : SEM, STM, AFM, X-ray diffraction. etc.

PROPERTIES OF NANOMATERIALS : Electronic, Magnetic, Optical, Chemical and Mechanical properties. Applications of Nanomaterials Applications in memory and electronic devices, for magnetic recording, sensors, interfaces.

**INTRODUCTION TO COMPUTATIONAL FLUID DYNAMICS (Credits 3) 8 ^{th} Semester Sub.Code:- **14B1NME841

INTRODUCTION : History, Comparison of the three basic approaches for engineering problems in solving by analytical, experimental and computational methods, Beam advance in computational techniques.

PROBLEM FORMULATION : Formulation of problem, Physical and mathematical classification of problems, Types of governing differential equations.

METHODS OF DISCRETISATION : Basic of finite difference method, Finite element method, Finite volume method and Spectral method, Treatment of boundary conditions.

NUMERICAL SOLUTION OF HEAT CONDUCTION PROBLEMS : Steady-state problems, One dimensional heat conduction transfer through a pin-fin-din, Two dimensional conduction through a plate unsteady state problem, One dimensional transient heat conduction, Explicit and implicit methods, Stability of numerical methods.

NUMERICAL SOLUTION OF FLUID FLOW PROBLEMS : Types of fluid flow and their governing equation, Viscous incompressible flows calculation of flow field using the stream function-vorticity method, Calculation of boundary layer over a flat plate, Numerical algorithm for solving complete Navier-Stokes equation-MAC method SIMPLE algorithm, Project problem.

**MATHEMATICAL METHODS (Credits 3)**

SYSTEMS OF LINEAR ALGEBRAIC EQUATIONS : Introduction to Linear System. Fundamental Definitions and Operations of Matrix Analysis. Solutions of Linear Algebraic Systems. Applications to Chemical Engineering .

NONLINEAR ALGEBRAIC EQUATIONS : Solution of a single equation in one unknown. Systems of Nonlinear Algebraic Equations.

ORDINARY DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS : Review of ODE of various types. Application in velocity profile for laminar flow in circular tubes and annulus, Heat conduction with chemical heat source, Diffusion with homogeneous chemical reaction, Reactions of various orders in batch reactors. Numerical Methods covering Euler, Runge-Kutta and predictor-corrector method. Shooting method for BVP. Systems of differential equitation’s.

PARTIAL DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS : Introduction to formulation and classification of PDEs, solving PDE by finite difference techniques. Applications in Heat and Mass transfer and chemical reactions.

NUMERICAL METHODS FOR UNCONSTRAINED SINGLE AND MULTI VARIABLE OPTIMIZATION : Newton’s, Quasi-Newton, Secant, Region elimination method: Golden section, Fibonacci, Dichotomous search. Direct method: Univariate Search, Conjugate directions Search. Indirect method: Gradient, Conjugate gradient, and Newton.

TRANSFORM METHODS : Fourier transform and its application to chemical engineering.